The topic of Artificial Intelligence has been quite popular in recent times, With Elon Musk emerging as a strict critic of A.I technology on the other hand Mark Zuckerberg and many others working for the betterment of Artificial Intelligence.
The Most Influential Person in the field on A.I, a visionary who helped to lay the cornerstones of A.I research, was the great British mathematician Alan Turing. It was Turing who laid down the groundwork of entire computer revolution. He visualized a machine that could perform a precise set of operations. From this, he was able to codify the laws of computing machines and precisely determine their ultimate power and limitation.
The Top-down Approach:
There are at least two major problems scientists have been facing for decades those have impeded their effort to create robots: Pattern recognition and Common sense. Robots can see much better than we can, but they don’t understand what they see. Robots can also hear much better than we can, but they don’t understand what they hear.
To attack these twin problems, researchers have tried to use the “top-down approach” to artificial intelligence. Their goal has been rough to program all rules of pattern recognition and common sense on a single CD. By inserting this CD into a Computer they believe the Computer could become self-aware and attain human-like intelligence.
Attempts to program all the laws of common sense into a single computer have floundered, simply because there are so many laws of common sense. Humans learn these laws effortlessly because we tediously continue to bump into the environment throughout our lives, quietly assimilating the laws of physics and biology, but robots do not.
The bottom-up approach:
Because of the limitations of the top-down approach to artificial intelligence, attempts have been made to use a “bottom-up” approach instead, that is, to mimic evolution and they are baby learns. At MIT walking robots were notoriously difficult to create via the top-down approach. But simple bug like mechanical creatures that bump into the environment and learn from scratch can successfully scurry around the floor at MIT within a matter of minutes.
Now the question is could robots be dangerous? The answer is likely yes. They could become dangerous once they have the intelligence of a monkey which is self-aware and can create its own agenda. It may take many decades to reach such a point. So scientists will have had plenty of time to observe robots before they pose a threat meanwhile they could come out with a way to stop them, is needed.